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  Chamaecrista nigricans
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Chamaecrista nigricans (Vahl) Greene, Pittonia 4: 30. 1899; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Subtribe Cassiinae 76. 2001. Cassia nigricans Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 30. 1790; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 403(286). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 97. 1982; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 18. 1992.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual herbs, upto 75 cm high, pubescent with short crisped and long spreading hairs. Leaves alternate, distichous in two planes across the plane of branching; leaf-rachis (including petiole) 5-9 cm long, pubescent; leaflets 7-18 pairs, 1-2.5 x 0.3-0.6 cm, narrowly oblong or linear-oblong, obtuse or rounded at apex, mucronate, oblique at base, pubescent, mid-nerve almost centric; gland solitary, sessile, 2-4 mm long, cushion-shaped, covering half to one-third upper part of petiole; stipules 4-6 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent. Flowers 2 to 5 together, supra-axillary; pedicels 1-3 mm long, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles linear, acute, pubescent. Sepals 4-5 mm long, acute, pubescent outside. Petals yellow or yellowish red, equalling the sepals. Stamens 10, all fertile or rarely 3 reduced to staminodes; anthers of 3 different sizes, linear, dehiscing apically. Ovary appressed hairy; style stout, glabrous; stigma punctiform. Pods 2-3 x 0.5 cm, erect, linear-oblong, flat, straight, pubescent, 2-valved, 4 to 10-seeded; valves coiling on dehiscence; seeds 2.5-3.5 x 1.5-2.5 mm, suborbicular, obovate; areole absent; albumen thin.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grassy slopes
  Distribution: West Asia, Tropical Africa, India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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