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  Connarus paniculatus
  Citation:  Connarus paniculatus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 139. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:52.1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 273(194). 1918 Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 132. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 68. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 120. 1988; M.S.Mondal in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 529. 2000; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 824. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 259. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large shrubs or lianas; bark minutely lenticelled, reddish brown; innovations minutely ferruginous-tomentose, early glabrescent. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate, glabrous, leaflets 3-7, , 4-20 x 2.5-6.5 cm, elliptic-ovate or oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, obtusely acuminate at apexrigidly chartaceous, narrow to rounded or subpeltate at base, shining, densely and distinctly areolate-reticulate beneath; rachises 4-20 cm long; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, arcuate, ascending or patent; petiolules ca 5 mm long. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, panicled, 10-40 cm long; peduncles 2-18 cm long, densely ferruginous-tomentose to glabrescent; pedicels rusty- tomentose; bracts scaly, minute. Sepals boat-shaped, obtuse, ca 3 mm long, rusty-tomentose and glandular-punctate on both sides. Petals narrowly spatulate, obtuse, ca 6 mm long, yellow or white and sparsely puberulous outside, white and glandular-punctate inside. Stamens 10, all fertile; filaments connate at base for ca 1 mm, glandular-pubescent. Ovary red. Follicles obovoid or oblong, laterally compressed-inflated, obtuse or acutely apiculate at oblique lateral apex, attenuate at base with ca 5 mm long slender stalk, 2-3.5 x 1.6-1.8 cm, bright red turning brown when dry; ventral suture curved, keeled, the dorsal gibbous; valves thin, coriaceous, glabrous outside, reddish brown, densely pubescent to glabrescent and glandular inside; seeds compressed, 2-2.5 x 1-1.5 cm, black with cupular yellow aril towards the base.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-May
  District(s): Kollam, Kannur, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India, Bangladesh, Indo-China and Malaya Peninsula
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Aruvanpara, Chandanathode
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