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  Hygrophila balsamica
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Hygrophila balsamica (L. f.) Rafin., Fl. Tell. 4: 66. 1938; Sreemdh., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 10: 222. 1968; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 39. 1991. Ruellia balsamica L. f., Suppl. Pl. 289. 1781. Cardanthera balsamica (L. f.) Benth. ex Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 404. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1012(711). 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Viscid aquatic herbs, to 80 cm tall, rooting at lower nodes; branchlets 4-gonous. Leaves opposite, 3-5 x 0.5-2.5 cm, heterophyllous; upper aerial ones lanceolate-acute, margin serrulate, lower ones often pinnatifid; submerged leaves pectinate; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm, grandular-ciliate. Flowers axillary; bracts lanceolate, 3-4 x 1-1.5 mm; bracteoles linear, 1 x 0.3 mm. Calyx lobes 5, almost free, unequal, the largest 8 x 3 mm, ciliate, green with a white midrib, 3-4 nerved, other lobes lanceolate acute, to 6 x 1 mm. Corolla white, tube 6 mm long, limb 2-lipped, (2) + (3), lower lip reflexed, mid-lobe with a 2-lobed, 3-nerved palate, bullate with bluish and white hairs. Stamens 4, didynamous, filaments white, longer pair about 5 mm lond, shorter 2 mm long, anthers blue, cells equal. Ovary oblong, compressed, pubescent with nectariferous glands at base; style 6.5 mm, ciliate, stigma linear. Capsule 6 x 2 mm, hairy; seeds many, 0.4 x 3 mm, flat, brown, retinacula minute, straight.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Paddy fields and swampy areas
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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