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  Holoptelea integrifolia
  Family: ULMACEAE
  Citation:  Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 3, 10: 259. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 481. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1348(943). 1928; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 441. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 349. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 424. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 388. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 307. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 765. 2009. Ulmus integrifolius Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 78. 1798.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aavel, Aavil, Avelkurunnu, Njettaval, Njetavil
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Indian elm, Jungle cork tree, Kanju
  Description: Large deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, whitish-grey, smooth; blaze yellowish-grey, streaked with light brown; branchlets pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, scarious; petiole 5-10 mm, stout, pubescent; lamina 6-12.5 x 2.5-6.5 cm, ovate-oblong, ovate or elliptic-ovate, base rounded or subcordate, apex acuminate, margin entire, distantly serrate when young, coriaceous, glabrous above, appressed pubescent punctate below; lateral nerves 6-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamous, appear before leaves, 5-8 mm across, greenish-purple, in axillary fascicles; tepals 4 or 5, free, anthers pubescent; female flowers with longer pedicels; ovary superior, compressed, long stipitate, 2-winged, 1-celled, ovule 1; style 2 fid. Fruit a samara, 3 cm across, orbicular, wings nerved, glabrous, seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Purple
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Thekkady, Keerapady, Agali, Pothundy, Walayar, Pooyamkutty, Thenmalai, Ariankavu

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